Chief Minister Talkback Summary - 24 July 2015

Calls received on air

Directorate: TAMS

Issue: Drinking fountains (bubblers) around Lake Tuggeranong are not working. No one uses the outdoor fitness trails that are being installed around Canberra.

Response: Minister Rattenbury said that there had been a program of upgrading bubblers recently across Canberra and that he had been down at Lake Tuggeranong the weekend before last and the bubblers were working then, but that TAMS could look into fixing them if they were broken. The government was working hard to promote the outdoor fitness stations as an exercise and recreational facility and TAMS had also published some information online recently about how to use the outdoor fitness stations effectively, including videos by professional fitness instructors.

OUTCOME: An officer from TAMS inspected the drinking fountains located around Lake Tuggeranong. The drinking fountains have been repaired.

Directorate: TAMS

Issue: GDE signage for hospitals. There is a blue cross, but no sign explicitly stating ‘Calvary Hospital’ until you exit onto Belconnen Way.

Response: Minister Rattenbury explained that the blue cross was a commonly understood sign for hospitals but that perhaps some more explicit signage could be looked into.

OUTCOME: An officer of TAMS contacted the caller and advised that it is Roads ACT’s policy to only include ‘Calvary Hospital’ with the hospital symbol on signs within a 2km radius of Calvary Hospital. Outside this radius only the hospital symbol is used on signs at key decision points. Further investigation will be undertaken to confirm the symbol is correctly placed, directing motorists to exit the Gungahlin Drive  to Belconnen Way, and what direction to take at the intersection.

Directorate: TAMS

Issue: The caller thanked the government for clearing up the builders’ rubble around Broadview Estate. However, the caller noted that the problem was now developing again as the rest of the Estate was developed and the new suburb of Moncrieff.

Response: Minister Rattenbury thanked the caller for the positive feedback and said that TAMS did undertake a blitz last year and inspected many sites, with the support of the building industry, and that this had built up a good collaborative approach. The Minister agreed that it was an ongoing problem, especially in areas of new development around Canberra and that he could ask for it to be looked into again.

OUTCOME: An officer from TAMS contacted the caller. The caller’s concerns were discussed and the caller confirmed that the response proposed by the Minister was satisfactory. TAMS will investigate.

Directorate: TAMS

Issue: Traffic lights on Commonwealth Ave used to be only for Floriade. Now they appear to be permanent and cause the traffic to constantly stop and start and bank up, which is very inefficient.

Response: Minister Rattenbury confirmed that the traffic lights were now a permanent fixture as part of a partnership with the National Capital Authority. The NCA had asked for bus stops to be installed on Commonwealth Avenue to allow for access to Regatta Point, and this also allowed access to the newly energised Westside precinct. The traffic lights were necessary to allow pedestrians to cross the road to access the bus stops.

Directorate: TAMS

Issue: Bowen Park Duck & Swan feeding. No one heeds the two signs and perhaps we need more signs.

Response: Minister Rattenbury agreed that feeding wildlife needs to be discouraged as it is bad for the animals’ health. Minister Rattenbury also explained that this was an area controlled by the National Capital Authority, who also controlled what signage was allowed, but that the ACT Government would raise the issue with the NCA.

OUTCOME: An officer from TAMS contacted the caller. The caller was informed that TAMS is dealing with the National Capital Authority in relation to the provision of new signage. There is a recognised issue in the area with excess feeding of waterbirds.

Directorate: TAMS and Access Canberra

Issue: Hole behind Belconnen Markets. Nothing has happened on this development site, the fence is broken and it is now unsafe as the hole is quite deep. What is the problem and what is going to happen?

Response: Minister Rattenbury said he was not sure where the issue was up to, but that he could arrange to make sure the site is safe. The broader issue of the development was one for the developer – Rock development is running that site. The Minister said there were commence and complete requirements but he was unsure of the situation with that specific site at the moment.

OUTCOME: The constituent was first contacted by TAMS – Asset Acceptance who advised that the developer would be contacted and asked to take steps to secure the site and clear the verge.  Officers from Construction Services attended the site on 28/7/2015 and observed that the site had been secured.  An officer from Construction Services called the constituent and advised that the site was secure, but noted concerns that the block had been undeveloped for some time.  Construction Services are assessing the block for compliance with the Crown lease and will take further steps to notify the builder of their obligations under the lease if there is an issue. On 28 Tuesday July 2015 an officer of TAMS contacted the caller and explained the delay was to due to establishing the current developer and consultant responsible.

The officer agreed that the site in Belconnen had become untidy and needed attention   He was asked to inspect it and take the necessary action which he agreed to without any issues.  The officer explained he would follow this up with the developer.

Directorate: TAMS

Issue: Intersection at Colby Court and Townsend Street, Phillip, is unsafe as when turning right it is impossible to see past the parked cars. The caller witnessed an accident there a few weeks ago.

Response: Minister Rattenbury said there were guidelines on what clearance was required at intersections, so Roads ACT could have a look at that intersection.

OUTCOME: On 30 July 2015 an officer of TAMS contacted the caller and arranged to meet with the caller at the intersection on 4 August 2015. Parking restrictions may be implemented subject to the outcome of the inspection and meeting.

Directorate: TAMS

Issue: Fencing needed at Jameson shops Playground as it is close to the road and dangerous for children.

Response: Minister Rattenbury said playgrounds in the ACT tended not to be fenced as most of them were in quieter areas, not next to major roads, but said that the government could look into it.

OUTCOME: The caller was contacted by an officer from TAMS and advised that an upgrade of the play space was undertaken as part of the 2009-10 Playground Safety Program. This program upgraded and renewed playgrounds in line with safety standards. At the time of the upgrade, setback distances from hazards, such as roads and car parks, were reviewed. In response to the review, fencing was installed between the play space and the car park. The setback of the play space to the main road is within the TAMS Design Standards and there are no current plans to install a fence in this area. Funding received in 2015-16 to manage high risks in Canberra playgrounds has been fully allocated to other higher priority playgrounds.

Directorate: CMTEDD – Communications

Issue: Community Consultation. The caller complained that a lot of pretend consultation occurred in the ACT and asked if there was a way to retrain the public service and the community on how to engage properly, as this was an important part of conducting government.

Response: Minister Rattenbury said the system of consultation was often proponent driven, so that a developer or private entity might come to the government with a plan or proposal and that would kick-start a consultation process, whereas for the community that might not be what they wanted, and they may have wished they were consulted before the proposal was brought forward or a different question was put to them.

OUTCOME: An officer from CMTEDD contacted the caller to discuss his concerns and seek further feedback.  The caller noted the existence of the Time to Talk website and ‘Engaging Canberrans: A guide to community engagement’, but suggested more could be done to increase the community’s awareness of opportunities to engage with the government. Additional avenues to promote the Time to Talk website and community engagement opportunities in general will be considered.

Directorate: TAMS

Issue: Dog off lead issues in Lanyon. Off leash dog park is adjacent to a sheep paddock, which causes trouble due to dogs getting in to the sheep paddock which is dangerous for sheep welfare. Also there is a double fence and the public get concerned about trapped kangaroos in that zone and cut the fence to let them out, which in turn leads to sheep escaping. The caller has been trying to get people from the government together to discuss the issue and resolve it without success.

Response: Minister Rattenbury urged the public not to cut the fence, explaining that kangaroos could easily jump over it. The Minister also said he would arrange for TAMS rangers to come and discuss the situation with the caller.

OUTCOME:The Manager, Ranger Services contacted the caller to discuss the extent of the dog problem at Lanyon. An email will be sent to the dog control section highlighting the problems with that area being off-leash. Rangers will also conduct an inspection of the area with the caller on 11 August 2015.

Calls Not Answered On-Air but Followed up

Directorate: TAMS

Issue: Sick trees.

OUTCOME: A representative from TAMS contacted the caller. The caller was concerned about the health of trees along Mugga Lane and Long Gully Lane in Symonston. The caller was advised that the health of the trees is being affected by a seasonal infestation of Psyllid insect (commonly called lerp). The caller was reassured that the problem is seasonal.

Directorate: Economic Development

Issue: Telopea Park

OUTCOME:The ACT Government is undertaking planning investigations on a site behind the Griffith Shops on Throsby Lane for the relocation of MOCCA. The site is made up of blocks 33, 39 and part of block 43 section 78, Griffith. As the blocks are odd shaped and comprised of multiple zonings, a Territory Plan variation will be required. A master planning exercise will be undertaken, including community consultation on the development outcomes, to inform the Territory Plan Variation. In concert with this, MOCCA can begin designs for a new facility to be developed on the site.  It is anticipated that the planning, design and construction process be completed to enable MOCCA to move to their new building in 2018 – 2019.


Directorate: Economic Development

Issue: Could the Minister rethink the possibility of moving the visitors centre from Northboume Avenue to Regatta Point, as a result of light rail. Its current position is ideal for visitors driving into Canberra. It should be maintained in its current site and not Regatta Point site which is totally impractical.

Response: Minister Rattenbury explained that the Information Centre is not being moved because of light rail. The ACT Government has been in discussion with the National Capital Authority, who are keen to reinvigorate Regatta Point – it’s central, it’s convenient and increasingly visitors are not arriving by car, but flying in and staying in the city, so Northbourne Avenue is quite inconvenient for those travellers.

Directorate: Economic Development

Issue: Why was no part of the ACT included in the NBN deployment announcements last month? Especially when all other states are getting new deployments. 

Response: The Minister said he did not have details of the rollout but could follow it up. The Minister also pointed out the TransACT network provided coverage to a lot of the Territory and many residents had access to that very fast network.

OUTCOME: An ACT Public Servant contacted the caller and discussed the status of the rollout as we understand it, and noted that the ACT was not included in the last two announcements by NBN regarding future rollouts. CMTEDD has contacted NBN for advice regarding future rollout in Canberra however, at present no response has been received. The most recent advice from a December 2014 NBN media release provides an indicative view of scheduled construction work across Canberra up to June 2016:

Directorate: TAMS

Issue: The drainage around the bubbler at the Tuggeranong Dog Park is broken again. Dogs and muddy puddles are not a good mix.

OUTCOME: The drain at the bubbler at the dog park has been cleared and is now draining correctly. The area of wash out around the bubbler has since been rectified.

Directorate: Treasury

Issue: Received a rate notice yesterday. 77% higher than 5 years ago, my pension has increased by 11% in same period. Totally unsustainable and yet more is to come. Not revenue neutral from by point of view. Discuss?

Response: The Minister noted the ACT Government has been undergoing a process of tax reform to shift from inefficient taxes, such as taxes on insurance and stamp duty, to an increase in rates. This is good for the government because it provides a steady source of revenue and means the government can plan in a more sustainable way, and provides a more steady source of income. It does create difficulty for some people at the lower end of the income spectrum, the strategy has been a front ending one in the sense that insurance taxes have been removed quite rapidly and the Treasurer’s expectation is that the rate of increase of rates will slow down now as the transition evens out and so we should not see such rapid increases in the future. The Minister acknowledged that Mr Fluffy had put unexpected pressure on the ACT Budget but that people were overestimating the impact of light rail. The ACT Government spends $1 ½ billion a year on health, another $1 billion or so on education each year and that puts the cost of light rail in context. We’ve also spent more than $1 billion in the last 10 years on roads – it costs money to run a city like Canberra.

Directorate: TAMS

Issue: Love the upgraded Majura Road but it was quite dark and dangerous driving through fog last night with no street lights. Are there plans to include these?

Response: The Minister said the Majura Parkway has just opened up as a high speed arterial road and it is very well lit. The Minister was not expecting to make major upgrades to Majura Road because the focus and resources have been put into the Majura Parkway and Majura Road will become an access road and a secondary road now.

OUTCOME: While the Parkway is well lit, it is only the interchanges that are lit.  There is no midblock lighting on the Parkway between interchanges; midblock lighting is not required under current Australian Standards on rural freeways. There are no plans to provide street lighting on Majura Road given its rural nature.

Directorate: Economic Development

Issue: Are there any plans to relocate the coach terminal to near the airport with completion of the Majura Parkway. The current situation with the terminal in civic is awkward to drop people off but parking to wait for arrivals.

Response: The Minister said there were no plans to move the Jolimont Centre to the airport and it had not been raised with him before as many people find the drop off point in civic very convenient, especially for people coming without a car. The Minister agreed it could be hard to find a park to pick up at a busy time of day, but that moving to the airport would be a lot less convenient for a lot of people.

Directorate: ACT Police

Issue: Do the ACT police ever Issue fine notices to motorists for vehicles with faulty headlights? If not, why not? On any night, I see dozens of vehicles with one light not functioning.  Dangerous.

Response: The Minister noted that ACT Police could issue infringements for that and there had been emphasis on rapid technology for numberplate recognition and also on vehicle safety. The Minister also noted that many people were forgetting to put headlights on when exiting car parks that were heavily lit.

Directorate: TAMS

Issue: for the last 4 years, we and other neighbours have endured continual barking and property mess at the hands of nearby residents. They are currently in court with 118 charges regarding noise and animal cruelty. The case has been going for 7 months and we still endure the barking and anxiety about the welfare of the remaining animals. Why can the ACT govt remove all animals from these people pending a magistrate’s ruling? Whilst helpful, we are told by govt representatives that we should still complain through the relevant agencies but will have to wait for a court ruling. Perplexed!

Response: The Minister was aware of the specific case and it was before the courts at the moment so he could not speak too specifically. However, the Minister noted there had been a number of cases recently in the animal cruelty space that had raised questions about loopholes in the law and the Minister was in discussion with RSPCA about some changes the government could make to those laws to improve the situation, including that if someone is charged the animal must stay with the RSPCA for the duration of the court case, which is expensive for the RSPCA and not good for the animal because they are housed in a pen rather than with a family. The Minister flagged that the government may need to look at a number of changes to the law in this space.

Directorate: TAMS

Issue: Hi who do you complain to about neighbours cats on the loose in cat containment suburb (wright)?? Sick of poo on my garden!!

Response: The Minister explained that for a specific complaint about a roaming cat in a cat containment suburb you could contact Canberra Connect and the rangers would come out and have a chat to the neighbours and particularly talk to them about their responsibilities in the cat containment area. The Minister noted the government was raising its efforts to remind people of those responsibilities, as compliance was very good with the first generation of residents because they moved in knowing the rules, but subsequent owners or renters were not as familiar, so the level of education needed to continue.

OUTCOME: The Manager of Ranger Services contacted the caller and discussed the issue. The caller was uncertain whether the cat causing the issue is domestic or stray. The caller was advised of ways to report roaming cats to Domestic Animal Services for investigation.  A letter will be sent to Wright residents advising them of their obligations to keep their cats contained.

Directorate: TAMS

Issue: Went to pick up my daughter from Jolimont at 9:15pm last night. Taxis occupied nearly every space, including those not designated for them.  Dropping my elderly mother off at Jolimont centre 7am at drop off area full of taxis. Unbelievable 9-10 taxis all getting coffee??

Response: The Minister said that perhaps the government could look into the balance of short term parking in the area, as some people needed 30mins to use the businesses in the area, while others needed set down/pick up zones.

OUTCOME: An officer of TAMS contacted the caller and advised that Roads ACT previously investigated and reviewed the parking arrangement at the Jolimont Centre in consultation with key stakeholders including the Jolimont Centre management, Taxi Association and relevant tenants. As result Roads ACT changed the taxi zone, loading zone and short stay parking to “No Parking – Pick up and Set down only” at this location.

It is an enforcement issue and drivers shouldn’t park there for more than 2 minutes. Roads ACT will forward the enquiry to Parking Operations and the caller was also encouraged to do so.

Directorate: TAMS

Issue: Could you please complete the rejuvenation of the paving for the block around Jolimont and civic PO. For guests arriving the patchwork of cracked broken aver is not a good welcoming look.

OUTCOME: An officer from TAMS contacted the caller and explained the block was rehabilitated except the ANZ side of Rudd Street which will be considered in a future capital program.

Directorate: Treasury

Issue: Can Actew please revert to its old electricity billing scheme to allow the NCA to run the Captain Cook jet again at full height (and more often)?

OUTCOME: There has been no change to the way ActewAGL bill the customer for the Captain Cook Fountain. In 2009 a meter exchange was carried out at this site and a time of use meter installed. However, all usage is still being billed at the same tariff plan as the old meter ie, commercial rates. Rates have increased overtime through normal price revisions but ActewAGL Retail has not changed the “electricity billing scheme”.

Directorate: TAMS

Issue: What is being done to make the Bunda Street Shareway safer for pedestrians? I walk through there regularly and cars still think they have right of way and the signage isn’t that obvious.

Response: The Minister noted that he rode through there on his regular cycle commute and had noted all road users being very polite and that the uncertainty had increased caution, but that as a new thing, it needed to be monitored carefully and perhaps some more signage might be needed.

OUTCOME: Roads ACT have carried out a post construction review on existing signs based on public feedback and additional signs are being proposed to educate and enhance public awareness of the shareway. New signs are being designed and will be installed as soon as they become available.

Directorate: TAMS

Issue: Can TAMS please look at a better way other than cutting down the out of control bamboo on Red Hill behind Deakin?

Response: The Minister noted the bamboo was a noxious weed and the team was working hard to get rid of it.

OUTCOME: The caller was contacted by a TAMS Ranger. The caller was concerned about mowing that had been conducted behind the houses causing spread of bamboo. Control methods and opportunities to involve the park care group were discussed. The caller was also keen to be involved in assisting park work on Red Hill. 

Directorate: Treasury

Issue: Can the rates notice be like a normal bill which shows a payment history not just the amount owing? This had been asked for many times.

Response: The Minister said the government would take that on board and see what could do and there may be an IT answer to that.

OUTCOME: The caller advised he would like to see his rates bill include information about transactions since the last bill.  For example, not just a figure for the opening balance, rather a list of all transactions (payments and new charges including interest etc) that occurred between the last notice and the current notice, similar to the ACTEW bill. The rates bill is generated to advise of an upcoming payment requirement, rather than a ‘usage’ type transaction of what has already occurred. The ACT Revenue Office current rates IT System can’t cater for this level of detail on the notice, but the government has provided funding for a replacement system, which when available may consider including this level of detail. 

Directorate: TAMS

Issue: In this year’s budget, $100,000 was allocated for feasibility studies at Belconnen, West Belconnen and Tuggeranong to establish local walking and cycling path connections. How has this progressed and is there opportunity for community engagement?

OUTCOME: An officer of TAMS contacted the caller and was that the feasibility studies are still in the early scoping process, with engagement of a consultant to occur in the near future.

The resident was also informed that as a standard process of feasibility study development community engagement is undertaken. The officer enquired if the resident was happy to be further contacted during the formal community engagement, which they agreed to.

Directorate: TAMS

Issue: The soft drink company sponsored fitness equipment at the yacht club locale from the 1980's needs repair please!!

OUTCOME: TAMS is aware of the problem with the fitness equipment at these locations. A solution for the problem is currently being considered.

Directorate: Treasury

Issue: Bought my house 3 years ago when stamp duty at highest - now getting slugged again in rates - any relief for people in that situation?

OUTCOME: The tax reform program is being implemented over a 20 year period and over this time people usually would change house 2 times (i.e. every 7 years on average). Therefore, although stamp duty was applicable at the start of the cycle, any purchase over the transition period will have substantially reduced stamp duty.

Directorate: TAMS

Issue: Two weeks ago I raised the issue of a complete absence in the ACT of signs on multiple lane roads saying "Keep left unless overtaking". The Chief Minister said he thought there were some signs somewhere; I'd love to know where. Meanwhile, slow drivers continue to drive side by side on dual lane roads, holding up traffic & causing general annoyance, while the ACT Government does nothing about it. Since other jurisdictions DO have such signs, why doesn’t the ACT?

OUTCOME: An officer from TAMS contacted the caller and informed them that "Keep left unless overtaking” signs are located at Ginninderra Drive between Mouat Street and Kingsford Smith Drive; Tuggeranong Parkway between Glenloch Interchange and Drakeford Drive; Monaro highway between Canberra Avenue and Johnson Drive; Barton Highway between the NSW border and Northbourne Avenue and Bellenden Street. The officer explained on multi lane roads with a posted speed limit greater than 80 km/h a driver generally must not drive in the right lane unless overtaking or turning right or other exceptions in accordance with rule the Australian Road Rules (130). There is no requirement to erect ‘keep left unless overtaking’ signs for the police to enforce this requirement. On multi lane roads with a posted speed limit of 80km/hr or less a driver may drive in the right lane unless there is a ‘keep left unless overtaking’ sign.  The caller was advised that he can report drivers to the police through Crime Stoppers. Roads ACT will consider the use of Variable Message Signs to promote ‘keep left unless overtaking’ behaviour in consultation with Justice and Community Safety Directorate.

Directorate: Treasury

Issue: From last fortnight’s chief minister talkback:  still no action on issue of cleaning up contractor's mess after the laying fibre optics at Tharwa drive/Lawrence whacket walkway underpass. Drains now all clogged thru to Casey cres ...."fix my street" ....well ignored In the southern suburbs

OUTCOME: The ACT Government engaged a contractor to install fibre optic connectivity to the South Tuggeranong Fire & Rescue Station in April.  This work involved the digging of a trench at the Tharwa Drive/Lawrence Whacket Walkway underpass.  An onsite inspection of the area by Government staff was conducted on 28 July with a meeting held on 29 July with the contractor to discuss site remediation.  The contractor has agreed to rectify the site commencing Thursday 6 August with completion by 7 August.  This work will involve the cleaning of the path and drain entrance, levelling and re-seeding of the soil and the installation of soil meshing to prevent any future soil erosion at the site.

Directorate: CMA

Issue: Why can’t the buses use the proposed tram line? They share in most other cities and even though the express buses will be killed off there will still be some. It would relieve Northbourne after a lane is removed for push bikes.

OUTCOME: An officer from the Capital Metro Agency contacted the caller and discussed his concerns in further detail. As part of the design process, the alignment of the tracks within the corridor was investigated to identify the best option. The median alignment, dedicated to light rail only, was chosen as the preferred alignment for Stage 1 as it would require fewer modifications to intersections; cause less access issues during construction; cost less than other options; and have less of an impact on the current landscape of the corridor. In order to have buses running on the same alignment as light rail it would be necessary to widen the alignment which would result in a significant increase in costs. This would not be acceptable to the National Capital Authority as it does not fit in with the National Capital Plan – the strategic plan for Canberra. 

Directorate: Treasury

Issue: Mr Rattenbury, are you aware that ACTEW takes all solar power generated by households at the wholesale rate and recharges it back at the retail rate. This is the case even if the household solar generator uses the power at the time it is generated. Householders would expect to get the full benefit of free power if it is used at the time it is generated. How is this fair?

OUTCOME: Customers are receiving the full benefit of solar as expected. Solar generation is used on-site by the household. This reduces the amount electricity purchased from the network at retail rates.

Under net-metering household electricity demand is met first by solar. It is only at times when the solar generation exceeds household demand that excess generation is exported to the network.

Page 5 of ActewAGL’s consumer guide for solar explains net-metering and also recommends where possible that customers shift loads (e.g. dishwasher) into daytime periods to maximise bill savings from solar.

Directorate: TAMS

Issue: Have promises to make the air disaster memorial more accessible for people to view been implemented? You can’t drive to it as you used to be able to years ago. Land use around the site is a mess. Why can’t you drive to it? It is a very important part of Canberra history. The federal government would be happy to take that site as it was a liberal minister killed there.

OUTCOME: The caller was advised vehicle access to the Air Disaster Memorial may be arranged through Access Canberra. Specifically, a walking track is signposted to the memorial and a sign at the walking track car park notes that visitors may arrange vehicle access through Access Canberra. Vehicle access is normally not permitted to limit vandalism, illegal dumping and to stop access to the adjacent military firing range and private property.

Directorate: ACT Policing

Issue: Moving from NSW to the ACT I have noticed a decline or even a lack of random breath tests carried out on ACT roads. Being here for four years now I have only seen one random breath testing area. Why is this? And is there going to be an increase of this vital piece of road safety?

OUTCOME: The ACT Government is committed to maintaining a safe community, which includes safety on ACT roads. This commitment is demonstrated through the ACT Road Safety Strategy 2011-12 of which ACT Policing is a key stakeholder. ACT Policing’s role is not just about enforcing the law; it also focuses its activities on changing driver behaviour through guiding and promoting safe road use in the ACT. Removing impaired drivers from ACT roads is a strong focus for ACT Policing.

One of the ways to ensure that impaired drivers are removed from our roads is by conducting Random Breath Testing (RBT) on a regular basis. The number of RBTs conducted by ACT Policing in the last four financial years is as follows:
















These statistics show that the RBTs conducted by ACT Policing are increasing on a yearly basis, with significant increases in the last two financial years. The types of RBT activities conducted by ACT Policing are mobile RBTs and targeted RBTs.  Mobile RBTs are carried out by all police officers when they stop vehicles on a random basis throughout their shifts. ACT Policing are rostered on shift 24/7 and as such RBTs are conducted anywhere, anytime. Targeted RBTs are large scale operations where there are numerous police officers present in one location to conduct the RBTs.